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NCJ Number: NCJ 188509   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Reconsidering Domestic Violence Recidivism: Individual and Contextual Effects of Court Dispositions and Stake in Conformity
  Document URL: PDF 
  Dataset URL: DATASET 1
Author(s): John Wooldredge ; Amy Thistlethwaite
Corporate Author: University of Cincinnati
School of Criminal Justice
United States of America
Date Published: 10/1999
Page Count: 110
  Series: NIJ Research Report
  Annotation: This report presents results from a study of the effectiveness of various court dispositions for preventing, reducing, and delaying domestic violence.
Abstract: The study was based on data concerning a sample of 3,662 suspects arrested for misdemeanor domestic violence in Hamilton County (Cincinnati), Ohio, between August 1993 and May 1996. It examined the main effects of court dispositions as well as how those effects may be conditioned by informal social controls (stake in conformity). The study included empirical tests of the effectiveness of court dispositions in reducing or delaying recidivism; examination of the relationship between recidivism and individual- and aggregate-level measures of stake in conformity; analyses of the conditioned effects of court dispositions by stake in conformity on recidivism; construction of maps depicting the geographic distribution of domestic violence across Cincinnati; and a descriptive analysis of the time (in months) until recidivism for suspects in specified disposition groups. Specific findings included the following: (1) offender programs and split sentences (probation and jail) were more effective for reducing and/or delaying re-arrest among offenders with higher individual-levels of stake in conformity; (2) the prevalence and incidence of re-arrest were lower for offenders from lower-stake neighborhoods serving split sentences; (3) sentences of jail alone had a greater incapacitative effect compared to probation alone and probation combined with jail; and (4) although suspects whose cases were ignored ended up with some of the highest recidivism likelihoods in the sample overall, recidivists in that group actually had longer delays to re-arrest compared to other disposition groups (offender programs, probation, jail, and probation combined with jail). A computer diskette is included with the report. Tables, figures, references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Recidivism ; Sentencing/Sanctions ; Judicial decisions ; Probation ; Corrections effectiveness ; Domestic assault ; Recidivism statistics ; NIJ final report ; Ohio
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 95-IJ-CX-0102
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: Dataset may be archived by the NIJ Data Resources Program at the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
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