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NCJ Number: 137650 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Child Sexual Assault as a Risk Factor for Mental Disorders Among Women: A Community Survey
Journal: Journal of Interpersonal Violence  Volume:7  Issue:2  Dated:(June 1992)  Pages:189-204
Author(s): B E Saunders; L A Villeponteaux; J A Lipovsky; D G Kilpatrick; L J Veronen
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 16
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 84-IJ-CX-0039
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A community sample of 391 adult women was screened for a history of sexual assault during childhood and assessed for lifetime and current mental disorders with a structured victimization history interview and the Diagnostic Interview Schedule.
Abstract: One-third of the women had been victims of rape, molestation, or sexual assault that did not involve physical contact prior to the age of 18. Child rape victims were more likely than nonvictims to have ever met DSM-III diagnostic criteria for a major depressive episode, agoraphobia, obsessive-compulsive disorder, social phobia, and sexual disorders. Molestation victims were overrepresented on major depressive episode, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and sexual disorders. Noncontact child sexual assault was not a significant risk factor for any disorder. Child rape and molestation victims were more likely than victims of noncontact assault to have had crime-related posttraumatic stress disorder. Mental disorder lifetime prevalence risk ratios for child rape and molestation victims compared to nonvictims ranged from 1.5 for major depressive episode to 6.7 for obsessive-compulsive disorder. 4 tables and 34 references
Main Term(s): Child Sexual Abuse
Index Term(s): Adult survivors of child sexual abuse; Female victims; Mental disorders; Psychological victimization effects
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