skip navigation


Abstract Database

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

To download this abstract, check the box next to the NCJ number then click the "Back To Search Results" link. Then, click the "Download" button on the Search Results page. Also see the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 208339 Find in a Library
Title: Resisting Crime: The Effects of Victim Action on the Outcomes of Crimes
Journal: Criminology  Volume:42  Issue:4  Dated:November 2004  Pages:861-909
Author(s): Jongyeon Tark; Gary Kleck
Date Published: November 2004
Page Count: 49
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the impact of victim self protection (SP) actions on outcomes of criminal incidents.
Abstract: In recent years researchers have become interested in discovering how victim reactions to criminal incidents impact the outcome of those incidents. Unfortunately, some of this research has been seriously methodologically flawed and results have been highly inconsistent. The current study drew on data concerning 27,595 personal contact crime incidents recorded in the National Crime Victimization Survey to analyze the impact of 16 types of victim SP actions on 3 types of incident outcomes. Data analyzed for the study were collected during the time period 1992 through 2001 and included 5 types of crimes: sexual assaults, robberies, assaults, personal contact larcenies, and confrontational burglaries. Results of statistical analyses indicated that both forceful and nonforceful types of victim SP reduced the risk of property loss and injury when compared to victim nonresistance. Victim SP tactics involving greater force, such as the use of a gun, had the greatest impact on injury risk reduction. The authors caution that some of the findings regarding forceful SP tactics were unstable due to small sample sizes. The findings are discussed in relation to previous research findings that have found victim SP resulted in greater victim injury. While future research should continue to probe the outcomes of various types of victim resistance, the current analysis suggests that victim resistance to crimes is an advisable strategy. Tables, references
Main Term(s): Assault and battery; Victim resistance to attack
Index Term(s): Victim reactions to crime; Victimization
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.