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NCJ Number: 249260 Find in a Library
Title: Impact of Policing and Other Criminal and Juvenile Justice Trends on Juvenile Violence in Large Cities, 1994-2000
Author(s): Christopher S. Koper; Reagan M. Daly; Jeffrey A. Roth
Date Published: July 2011
Page Count: 25
Sponsoring Agency: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 2001-JN-FX-K001
Sale Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
US Dept of Justice
810 Seventh Street NW
Washington, DC 20531
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Program/Project Description; Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Study/Research); Research (Applied/Empirical); Statistics
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study - a product of the University of Pennsylvania’s project on “Understanding the ‘Whys’ Behind Juvenile Crime Trends” - examined whether and how changes in criminal and juvenile justice practices and policies influenced violence by juveniles in urban areas during the 1990s.
Abstract: Specifically, the study examined whether selected changes in policing, adult incarceration, juvenile detention, and waivers of juveniles to adult court reduced juvenile violence in a sample of large U.S. cities from 1994 to 2000. The study controlled for changes in a variety of community characteristics. The study found indications that police resources and strategies contributed to reduced violence by juveniles during the 1990s, but there was little or no evidence of beneficial effects from incarceration of juveniles with adults, the detention of juveniles, and waivers of juveniles to adult court. The study was based on a sample of 97 cities with populations of 100,000 or more during the 1990s. The cities were among a national sample of jurisdictions randomly selected for an evaluation of the Federal Community Oriented Policing Services Program (the COPS program), which was conducted between 1995 and 2000. An examination of community policing strategies was part of the study. The arrest rates of juveniles for various types of serious violent crimes as reported by Uniform Crime Reports were used as the measure for violence by juveniles. 4 tables, 25 references, and appended list of study cities and community policing tactics and community input scale items
Main Term(s): Juvenile justice policies
Index Term(s): Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS); Community policing; Criminal justice system effectiveness; Juvenile arrest statistics; Juvenile Corrections/Detention effectiveness; Juvenile court waiver; Juvenile detention; Juveniles in adult facilities; OJJDP grant-related documents; OJJDP Resources; Police juvenile relations; Police policies and procedures; Trend analysis; Urban area studies; Violence causes; Violent juvenile offenders
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