skip navigation

Add your conference to our Justice Events calendar


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

  NCJ Number: NCJ 142462   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
  Title: Multisite Evaluation of Shock Incarceration
  Document URL: PDF 
  Dataset URL: DATASET 1
  Author(s): D L MacKenzie ; C Souryal
  Corporate Author: University of Maryland
Dept of Criminal Justice and Criminology
United States of America
  Date Published: 1994
  Page Count: 51
  Annotation: This evaluation study of shock incarceration programs consisted of a qualitative description of eight programs based on staff and inmate interviews; a study of inmate attitudinal changes during incarceration; a study of offender recidivism; a study of positive adjustment during community supervision; and a study of prison bedspace savings.
  Abstract: The two major goals of all the programs were to reduce prison crowding and to reduce recidivism through deterrence and rehabilitation. Programs varied on characteristics hypothesized to affect the ability of the program to achieve these goals, i.e., in the type of therapeutic programming, size, location, intensity of release supervision, and type of aftercare. The results showed that all boot camp inmates developed a more positive attitude toward their prison experience, compared to inmates incarcerated in traditional facilities. Nonetheless, the available data show that the recidivism rates of boot camp graduates and comparison samples of inmates did not differ. Specifically, shock incarceration did not result in a reduction in recidivism in five States included in this study. In three States, boot camp graduates had lower recidivism rates on one measure. As measured by employment, educational status, and financial and emotional stability, boot camp graduates and comparison samples adjusted equally well to community supervision. The data suggest that carefully designed programs can reduce prison crowding. 20 figures and 30 notes
  Main Term(s): Corrections
  Index Term(s): Inmate attitudes ; Corrections effectiveness ; Prison overcrowding ; Recidivism statistics ; Adjustment to probation ; Shock incarceration programs
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
United States of America
  Grant Number: 90-DD-CX-0061
  Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
  Type: Program/Project Evaluation
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  Note: This document is correctly cited as NCJ 142462. The document titled "Evaluating Patrol Officer Performance Under Community Policing: The Houston Experiment" is incorrectly cited as NCJ 142462. The correct NCJ number to use when citing that study is NCJ 142463.
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.