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NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 
  NCJ Number: NCJ 142544   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
  Title: Community and Institutional Responses to the Youth Gang Problem: Case Studies Based on Field Visits and Other Materials
  Document URL: Text 
  Author(s): I A Spergel ; R L Chance
  Corporate Author: University of Chicago
School of Social Service Admin
National Youth Gang Suppression and Intervention Project
United States of America
  Date Published: 1990
  Page Count: 185
  Annotation: This analysis provides overviews of organizational and community responses to youth gang activity in six sites located throughout the country.
  Abstract: There are similarities in the emergence of youth gang activity in some of the sites, particularly in the cities where the youth gang problem has emerged since the beginning of 1980. The beginning of the problem consists of youth congregating or "hanging out" at certain locations within low-income communities. In time, characteristic youth gang behavior occurs, including clashes between groups of youth and property crime, typically in and around schools and at "hang-outs." Causes of the chronic youth gang problem include deficient social and economic opportunities as well as the lack of strong institutions and concerned local community organizations. The cumulative failure of such institutions as the family, schools, neighborhood organizations, and the lack of jobs creates a sense of alienation, isolation, and despair among almost all segments of the communities. The communities that mounted effective responses to youth gangs had a clear and forthright, albeit not early, recognition of a youth gang problem. There was proactive leadership by representatives of significant criminal justice and community-based agencies in the mobilization of political and community interests and resources to confront the problem. Formal and informal networks of criminal justice and other community institutions and organizations were formed. There was consensus by the principal actors on a definition of the problem, targets for action, and strategies to be used. A multidisciplinary approach involved strategies of suppression, social intervention, and organizational development; emphasis was on social opportunities and community mobilization. 1 figure and 7 references
  Main Term(s): Juvenile/Youth Gangs
  Index Term(s): Case studies ; Juvenile delinquency prevention ; Interagency cooperation ; Crime specific countermeasures ; Community crime prevention programs
  Sponsoring Agency: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
US Dept of Justice
United States of America
  Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse/NCJRS
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
  Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=142544

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