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NCJ Number: 145329 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Author(s): T Dunworth; A Saiger
Corporate Author: Rand Corporation
United States of America
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 123
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Rand Corporation
Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 91-IJ-CX-K024
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: HTML|PDF
Type: Survey
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study analyzes the rates of drug law offenses, violent crimes, and property crimes in selected public housing developments in Los Angeles, Phoenix, and the District of Columbia for 1986-89 and compares these rates to rates in nearby urban areas containing private housing and to rates in the cities overall. Data set archived by the NIJ Data Resources Program at the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data, located at URL
Abstract: The researchers studied official police statistics regarding crime in 29 conventional housing developments with almost 35,000 residents, accounting for more than half of the entire public housing population within each city. An address matching procedure was used for nearby census tracts to determine offense rates in areas of private housing. Results revealed clearly that drug and violent offenses are severe problems in housing developments. From 1986 to 1989, average annual rates of drug law offenses in housing developments were 33 per 1,000 residents in Washington, D.C., 53 per 1,000 in Phoenix, and 58 per 1,000 in Los Angeles. Rates of violent offenses were even higher: 41, 54, and 67 in Washington, Phoenix, and Los Angeles respectively. In all three cities, these rates are higher than citywide or nearby neighborhood rates for the same kinds of offenses. In contrast, property offense rates in Los Angeles and Washington, D.C. are considerably lower than citywide rates. Results also confirmed that some housing developments had much more severe crime problems than others; some had rates lower than citywide rates. In addition, police activity in housing developments is roughly proportional to the offense rates. Findings indicated that it is reasonable to devote a disproportionate share of drug and law enforcement resources to public housing developments and that crime control initiatives should focus tightly on the problems of particular developments. Additional findings and implications, figures, tables, footnotes, appended methodological information and additional results, and 109 references
Main Term(s): Drug law offenses
Index Term(s): Arizona; California; Criminology; District of Columbia; Drug law enforcement; Property crime statistics; Public housing; Violent crime statistics
Note: NIJ Research Report
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