skip navigation

Add your conference to our Justice Events calendar


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

  NCJ Number: NCJ 155282     Find in a Library
  Title: Victim Costs and Consequences: A New Look
  Document URL: TEXT PDF PDF 
  Dataset URL: DATASET 1
  Author(s): T R Miller ; M A Cohen ; B Wiersema
  Date Published: 1996
  Page Count: 31
  Series: NIJ Research Report
  Annotation: This report documents the results of a 2-year multidisciplinary research effort to estimate the costs and consequences of personal crime for Americans.
  Abstract: Data sources for the incidence of crime included national victimization studies and local studies. People and households in the United States faced more than 49 million crime attempts annually in 1987-1990. The annual toll includes more than 16 million violent crimes and attempted crimes. In 1990, 31,000 deaths resulted. This report explains the nature of and how the costs were estimated for the following tangible victim losses: medical care, property damage and loss, mental health care, police and fire services, victim services, and victim productivity. Intangible losses include pain, suffering, and reduced quality of life. Personal crime is estimated to cost $105 billion annually in medical costs, lost earnings, and public program costs related to victim assistance. These tangible losses do not account for the full impact of crime on victims, however, because they ignore pain, suffering, and lost quality of life. Including pain, suffering, and the reduced quality of life increases the cost of crime to victims to an estimated $450 billion annually. Violent crime, including drunk driving and arson, accounts for $426 billion of this total; property crime accounts for $24 billion. These estimates exclude several crimes that were not included in this study but that also have large impacts, notably many forms of white-collar crime and drug crimes. 9 tables and 51 references
  Main Term(s): Victim services
  Index Term(s): Crime costs ; Cost analysis
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
United States of America
  Grant Number: 90-IJ-CX-0050
  Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
  Type: Report (Study/Research)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  Note: National Institute of Justice Research Report, February 1996. PDF of NIJ Research Preview is also provided.
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.