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NCJRS Celebrates National Library Week April 12-18

National Library Week

Started in 1958, National Library Week is a nationwide observance celebrated by all types of libraries - including the NCJRS Virtual Library. NCJRS invites you to explore the breadth and scope of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection and services. With more than 220,000 collection documents and 60,000 online resources, including all known Office of Justice Programs works, it is one of the world’s largest criminal justice special collections.

We encourage your Feedback. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Virtual Library and Abstracts Database, how you access the collection, and any ways we can improve our services.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection.
To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database.

How to Obtain Documents
NCJ Number: NCJ 157317     Find in a Library
Title: Boot Camps for Juvenile Offenders: An Implementation Evaluation of Three Demonstration Programs, Research in Brief
  Document URL: Text PDF 
Author(s): B B Bourque ; R C Cronin ; D B Felker ; F R Pearson ; M Han ; S M Hill
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 9
  Series: NIJ Research in Brief
  Annotation: This evaluation of three juvenile demonstration boot camps discusses the evaluation methodology, the programs' goals, participant characteristics, and each site's implementation activities; ideas are offered for other jurisdictions to consider when planning and implementing juvenile boot camps.
Abstract: The programs were intended to serve as a cost-effective alternative to institutionalization; promote discipline through physical conditioning and teamwork; instill moral values and a work ethic; promote literacy and increase academic achievement; reduce drug and alcohol abuse; encourage participants to become productive, law-abiding citizens; and ensure that offenders are held accountable for their actions. Soon after the demonstration sites were selected, evaluation efforts were begun to determine how the sites where choosing and screening participants, hiring and training staff, and establishing programs. The evaluation team's observations and data indicate that planning and implementation met the programs' goals. The sites formed active public-private partnerships, developed and refined coherent program rationales, and opened on schedule. First-year boot camp completion rates were high, ranging from 80 percent to 94 percent. Youth improved in educational performance, physical fitness, and behavior. Youths who graduated from the 3-month boot camp and remained in aftercare for at least 5 months reported positive changes in attitudes and behavior. Estimates of daily costs per youth showed that the boot camps were apparently more cost effective than State or local correctional facilities. Program weaknesses included high staff turnover as well as a lack of balance between an emphasis on military discipline and remedial education and counseling. The aftercare phase was hampered by high levels of absenteeism and noncompletion. 6 exhibits and 2 notes
Main Term(s): Juvenile Corrections/Detention effectiveness
Index Term(s): Shock incarceration programs ; Ohio ; Alabama ; Colorado
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
United States of America
Grant Number: 92-DD-CX-K043
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Program Description (Demonstrative)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: National Institute of Justice Research in Brief.
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

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