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NCJ Number: NCJ 161837     Find in a Library
Title: Key Legislative Issues in Criminal Justice: The Impact of Sentencing Guidelines
  Document URL: Text PDF 
Author(s): D Parent ; T Dunworth ; D McDonald ; W Rhodes
Corporate Author: Abt Associates, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1996
Page Count: 6
  Series: NIJ Research in Action
  Annotation: This paper discusses the predominance of presumptive sentencing guidelines over voluntary guidelines, the goals of presumptive guidelines, and their impact on sentencing practices and criminal justice operations.
Abstract: Evaluations of voluntary sentencing guidelines indicate they did not make sentencing more uniform. By contrast, presumptive guidelines were effective in a number of ways. They increased sentencing uniformity and proportionality; resulted in fewer racial, ethnic and gender differences in sentencing; and met State goals of reducing sentences for property offenders and increasing them for violent offenders, and the Federal goal of increasing imprisonment generally and decreasing use of probation. The effects of sentencing guidelines on criminal justice operations have been generally positive: (1) plea bargaining did not decline; (2) the increase in court workload was modest; (3) States now have a tool to control prison population levels, at least in the short term; and (4) data used to develop and monitor guidelines enable sentencing commissions to make accurate projections of the effects and costs of proposed sentencing policies. Notes
Main Term(s): Courts
Index Term(s): Judicial discretion ; Sentencing/Sanctions ; Court reform ; Sentencing guidelines ; Federal parole guidelines ; Sentencing reform ; Sentencing guideline compliance ; Court research ; Sentencing trends
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
United States of America
Contract Number: 94-IJ-CX-C007
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Issue Overview
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: NIJ Research in Action
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