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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 167571     Find in a Library
  Title: Immigrant Populations as Victims: Toward a Multicultural Criminal Justice System, Research in Brief
  Document URL: Text PDF 
  Author(s): R C Davis ; E Erez
  Corporate Author: Victim Services
United States of America
  Date Published: 1998
  Page Count: 8
  Series: NIJ Research in Brief
  Annotation: A survey and selected site visits were undertaken to provide a broad picture of problems and barriers immigrant groups in the United States encounter as consumers of criminal justice services, their difficulties in accessing justice, and ways of improving the criminal justice response to immigrant needs and problems.
  Abstract: The survey involved police chiefs, prosecutors, and court administrators from the 50 largest U.S. cities. Of 150 officials who received the survey, 91 responded. New York and Philadelphia were chosen for intensive investigation because they have large numbers of recent immigrants from several countries and innovative programs to address cultural diversity. Most officials responding to the survey agreed immigrants reported crimes less frequently than other victims. Only 12 percent thought immigrants were as likely as or more likely to report crimes. Survey respondents said domestic violence was the crime least reported. They also indicated sexual assault and gang violence were more likely to go unreported. About 31 percent of officials believed under-reporting of crimes by immigrants prevented adequate use of law enforcement resources in immigrant communities. Officials believed many immigrants faced greater hardships when reporting crimes to police or appearing in court, including language barriers, cultural differences, and ignorance of the U.S. criminal justice system. Immigrants who reported crimes and appeared in court, however, primarily reported positive experiences. Most criminal incidents described by those interviewed in New York and Philadelphia involved perpetrators from the same ethnic group as the victim. In the New York sample, most crimes involved domestic violence. Further research is recommended to explore under-reporting of crimes by specific immigrant groups and its correlation with isolation from law enforcement and criminal justice systems. Research is also needed to compare immigrant and native-born victim expectations of and satisfaction with the court system. 10 notes and 2 exhibits
  Main Term(s): Criminology
  Index Term(s): Sexual assault ; Victims of Crime ; Citizen crime reporting ; Cultural influences ; Immigrants/Aliens ; Domestic assault ; Victimization surveys ; Public Opinion of the Police ; Public Opinion of the Courts ; Criminal justice system effectiveness ; Alien criminality ; Gang violence ; NIJ grant-related documents ; New York ; Pennsylvania ; United States of America
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
United States of America
  Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
  Type: Survey
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  Note: NIJ Research in Brief, May 1998
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