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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 168100     Find in a Library
  Title: Strategies for Reducing Homicide: The Comprehensive Homicide Initiative in Richmond, California
  Document URL: Text PDF 
  Author(s): J J Fyfe ; J S Goldkamp ; M D White
  Corporate Author: Crime and Justice Research Institute
United States of America
  Date Published: 1997
  Page Count: 43
  Series: BJA Monographs
  Annotation: This monograph describes the implementation strategy developed and executed in Richmond, Calif., the first site to reach the implementation stage of the Comprehensive Homicide Initiative, which is piloting the application of multifaceted strategies to reduce homicide in local communities.
  Abstract: The strategies were based on the recommendations of participants in a murder summit convened in 1995 by the International Association of Chiefs of Police; they incorporated prevention, intervention, enforcement, and prosecution components, with police executives serving as leaders of the process. The cities of Richmond, Va., and Richmond, Calif., were selected as the first two demonstration sites. The initiative was designed to be conducted in two phases -- planning and implementation -- that could be fully documented and ultimately replicated in other jurisdictions. During the planning phase, the sites crafted a process to examine local homicide-related problems and then developed a multifaceted strategy to address them. To receive funding for the implementation phase, sites were required to submit to the Bureau of Justice Assistance (U.S. Department of Justice) for approval an implementation plan that reflected the spirit and substance of the recommendations of the International Association of Chiefs of Police. After discussing the changing nature of homicide in the United States, this monograph profiles the homicide pattern in Richmond, Calif., prior to the implementation of the demonstration strategy. A description of the development of the homicide strategy focuses on community-based, non-enforcement strategies and investigative and enforcement strategies. A chapter on the measurement of the impact of the Comprehensive Homicide Initiative in Richmond, Calif., focuses on the strategies 11 goals. Richmond's implementation plan has been effective because it incorporates a wide range of goals both within and outside conventional concepts of law enforcement; however, these goals, although diverse in substance, share a central theme: transforming the relationship between community and the police. In preparing its homicide- reduction plan, Richmond police officials saw an immediate need to improve police services and a longer term need to invest in youth who are most at risk of becoming both perpetrators and victims of violence. 2 figures, a 33-item bibliography, and 3 sources for further information
  Main Term(s): Criminology
  Index Term(s): Homicide ; Crime specific countermeasures ; Program implementation ; BJA grant-related documents ; California
  Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Assistance
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Grant Number: 96-DD-BX-0091
  Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
  Type: Program Description (Demonstrative)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
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