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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 169592     Find in a Library
  Title: Stalking in America: Findings From the National Violence Against Women Survey
  Document URL: Text PDF 
  Dataset URL: DATASET 1
  Author(s): P Tjaden ; N Thoennes
  Corporate Author: Ctr for Policy Research
United States of America
  Date Published: 1998
  Page Count: 19
  Series: NIJ Research in Brief
  Annotation: Data from the National Violence Against Women Survey, a nationally representative telephone survey of 8,000 women and 8,000 men, found stalking to be much more prevalent than previously thought.
  Abstract: Stalking victimization was measured in terms of lifetime prevalence and annual prevalence. Survey findings showed 8 percent of women and 2 percent of men had been stalked at some point in their lives; 90 percent of stalking victims were stalked by just one person during their lives. About 1 percent of all women and 0.4 percent of all men were stalked during the 12 months preceding the survey, equating to an estimated 1,006,970 women and 370,990 men who are stalked annually in the United States. Survey findings also showed 0.13 percent of women experienced a completed or attempted rape during the 12 months preceding the survey, no significant differences were found between white and minority women, and women were the primary victims of stalking and men were the primary perpetrators. Women reported stalkers followed them, spied on them, or stood outside their home or place of employment and also said stalkers made unsolicited telephone calls. Less than half the victims, both male and female, were directly threatened by stalkers. Only 7 percent of the victims said they were stalked because stalkers were mentally ill or used drugs. About 81 percent of women who were stalked by a current or former husband or cohabitating partner were also physically assaulted by the same partner and 31 percent of these women were also sexually assaulted. Stalking was reported to the police by 55 percent of female victims and 48 percent of male victims. Overall, 13 percent of female victims and 9 percent of male victims reported stalkers were criminally prosecuted. Female victims were significantly more likely than male victims to obtain a protective or restraining order against stalkers. The survey produced strong confirmation of the negative mental health impact of stalking. At the time of interview, 92 percent of victims were no longer being stalked. The survey methodology and sample are described, and policy implications of the findings are discussed. 25 notes, 2 tables, and 23 exhibits
  Main Term(s): Male female victim comparisons
  Index Term(s): Offender statistics ; Female offenders ; Rape ; Offense statistics ; Male offenders ; National crime surveys ; Sexual assault victims ; Victimization surveys ; Psychological victimization effects ; Male female offender comparisons ; Female victims ; Stalkers ; Male victims ; NIJ grant-related documents ; United States of America
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
United States of America
  Grant Number: 93-IJ-CX-0012
  Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
  Type: Survey
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  Note: NIJ Research in Brief, April 1998
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