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NCJ Number: NCJ 170014     Find in a Library
Title: Prisoners in 1997
  Document URL: Text PDF 
  Agency Summary: Agency Summary 
Author(s): D. K. Gilliard ; A. J. Beck
Corporate Author: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Date Published: 08/1998
Page Count: 15
  Series: BJS Bulletins
  Annotation: This report provides data on Federal and State prisoners for 1997.
Abstract: The Bureau of Justice Statistics, with the U.S. Bureau of the Census as its collection agent, obtains yearend and midyear counts of prisoners from departments of correction in each of the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and the Federal Bureau of Prisons. The data show that during 1997 the number of female prisoners increased by 6.2 percent, slightly greater than the increase in male prisoners (5.2 percent). At yearend 1997, 79,624 women were in State or Federal prisons, 6.4 percent of all prison inmates. On December 31, 1997, State prisons were operating at between 15 percent and 24 percent above capacity, and Federal prisons were operating at 19 percent above capacity. Fifteen States, each holding fewer than 5,000 inmates, together held only 4 percent of the Nation's prisoners. Nine jurisdictions had increases of at least 10 percent in 1997, led by Hawaii. Analyses of imprisonment rates from 1990 to 1996, the year of the latest available data, show a 43-percent increase among males and a 65- percent increase among females in the number of sentenced prisoners per 100,000 U.S. residents. Violent offenders accounted for the largest source of increase among males and among whites (46 percent), blacks (50 percent), and Hispanics (54 percent). Drug offenders accounted for 30 percent of the increase among blacks, 23 percent among Hispanics, and 16 percent among whites. Only among females were drug offenders the largest source of increase (45 percent of the total increase). 19 tables
Main Term(s): Corrections statistics
Index Term(s): Inmate statistics ; State correctional facilities ; Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) ; Federal prisoners ; Inmate characteristics
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Justice Statistics Clearinghouse/NCJRS
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Statistics
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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