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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 173420     Find in a Library
  Title: Disproportionate Minority Confinement: Lessons Learned From Five States
  Document URL: HTML PDF 
  Author(s): P Devine ; K Coolbaugh ; S Jenkins
  Corporate Author: ICF International (formerly Caliber Associates)
United States of America
  Date Published: 1998
  Page Count: 12
  Annotation: This paper describes how five States dealt with the problem of disproportionate minority confinement (DMC) by their juvenile justice systems.
  Abstract: The five States developed differing responses to their respective circumstances, but they generally reflected the following problem-solving process: (1) assign organizational responsibilities for the DMC initiative; (2) identify the extent to which minority juveniles are overrepresented in State and local juvenile justice systems; (3) identify underlying factors that contribute to minority overrepresentation; (4) create new and enhance existing interventions; and (5) develop methods to measure the impact of interventions. Within each State, the factors underlying DMC fell within the following domains: the juvenile justice system, the educational system, the family, and socioeconomic conditions. Because these domains are significantly interrelated, the simultaneous examination of the effects of each domain upon a juvenile or population of juveniles is necessary to identify successful remedies to DMC. The DMC initiatives had several universal effects, including development of automated systems for monitoring DMC activities, increased community collaboration, institutionalization of DMC awareness, and improvement of local services. Tables, figure, bibliography
  Main Term(s): Juveniles
  Index Term(s): Community support ; Minorities ; Community involvement ; State juvenile justice systems ; Minority overrepresentation ; Race-punishment relationship ; Florida ; Iowa ; North Carolina ; Oregon ; Arizona
  Sponsoring Agency: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
US Dept of Justice
United States of America
  Grant Number: OJP-95-C-006
  Sale Source: Home Office Great Britain Minister of State
London, United Kingdom
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
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