skip navigation

Add your conference to our Justice Events calendar


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

  NCJ Number: NCJ 173956     Find in a Library
  Title: Homicide Trends in the United States
  Document URL: Text PDF 
  Agency Summary: Agency Summary 
  Author(s): J A Fox ; M W Zawitz
  Corporate Author: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Date Published: 1999
  Page Count: 4
  Series: BJS Crime Data Briefs
  Annotation: Topics covered in this examination of homicide trends in the United States include, demographic trends, multiple victims and offenders, infanticide, homicide by intimates, law enforcement officers killed, weapon trends, regional trends, trends by city size, and long-term trends.
  Abstract: Data for the statistical analysis were obtained from the Federal Bureau of Investigation's Uniform Crime Reporting Program, particularly the Supplementary Homicide Reports. Findings revealed that the murder rate in 1997 fell to its lowest level in three decades. Much of the decline was in cities with more than 1 million inhabitants, whereas the murder rate fell from 35.5 per 100,000 population in 1991 to 20.3 per 100,000 population in 1998. The sharp increase in homicides in the late 1980s and much of the subsequent decline were attributed to a rise and fall in gun violence by juveniles and young adults. Despite encouraging improvements since 1993, levels of gun homicide by juveniles and young adults in the early 1990s were well above those of the mid-1980s. The number of intimate victims of homicide declined between 1976 and 1997. Males were most often the victims and the perpetrators in homicide cases. Blacks were seven times more likely than whites to be homicide victims and eight times more likely than whites to commit homicide. The number of infanticides rose over time, while the annual number of law enforcement officers killed in the line of duty declined. Few homicides involved multiple offenders and even fewer involved multiple victims. Cities with a population of 250,000 to 499,999 had homicide rates equivalent to rates in the largest cities. Long-term trend data showed the murder rate increased from 4.6 per 100,000 population 1950 to 6.8 per 100,000 population in 1997. The authors point out that homicide is of interest not only because of its severity but also because it is a fairly reliable barometer of all violent crime. 5 figures
  Main Term(s): Violent crime statistics
  Index Term(s): Female offenders ; Black/African Americans ; Male offenders ; Violent offenders ; Caucasian/White Americans ; Murder ; National crime surveys ; Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) ; Urban criminality ; Male female offender comparisons ; Female victims ; Black/White Crime Comparisons ; Homicide trends ; Victims of violence ; Violent men ; Male victims ; United States of America
  Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Justice Statistics Clearinghouse/NCJRS
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
  Type: Statistics
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.