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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 176976     Find in a Library
  Title: Report to Congress on Juvenile Violence Research
  Document URL: HTML PDF 
  Author(s): Katharine Browning
  Corporate Author: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
US Dept of Justice
United States of America
  Date Published: 1999
  Page Count: 41
  Annotation: This report presents the collective results of studies funded under a 1992 congressional directive to the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) to fund additional research examining violence committed by or against juveniles in urban and rural areas.
  Abstract: Among the research objectives were to examine the characteristics of juveniles involved in violence, to determine the context in which juvenile violence tends to occur, and to make recommendations for the prevention and control of violence by or against juveniles. In response to the legislation, OJJDP funded four new violence studies and continued funding for three existing research projects examining the causes and correlates of serious and violent juvenile offending. Results revealed that young black males are disproportionately involved as offenders and as victims of violence, that guns have a large role in juvenile violence, and that gang members are often involved in violence. Findings also revealed that the majority of youths who live in impoverished and high-crime areas are not involved in serious juvenile delinquency. The recommendations of the studies emphasized four major areas of intervention: (1) gangs, (2) guns, (3) high-risk juveniles; and (4) locations and times of highest risk for juvenile violence. The studies also provided examples that address each area of intervention. The studies' overriding message was that the need exists for a balanced and comprehensive approach to addressing juvenile violence. Communities must work with the juvenile justice system to prevent the development of violent behavior and to intervene with violent youth in effective ways. Chart, footnotes, appended summaries of individual studies, and 43 references
  Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency research
  Index Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors ; Juvenile delinquency prevention ; Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) ; Violent juvenile offenders ; Juvenile gang behavior patterns ; Juvenile victims ; Violence causes ; Firearm-crime relationships ; Violence prevention
  Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse/NCJRS
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
  Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

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