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NCJ Number: NCJ 176983     Find in a Library
Title: Breaking the Cycle of Violence: Recommendations to Improve the Criminal Justice System Response to Child Victims and Witnesses
Series: OVC Others
Corporate Author: Office for Victims of Crime
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Date Published: 06/1999
Page Count: 32
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
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United States of America

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Document: HTML Text PDF 
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This monograph describes the best practices and programs that focus on the most effective response to juvenile victims and juvenile witnesses by all those who work in the criminal justice system, beginning at the crime scene and continuing through the prosecution.
Abstract: Children represent one-fourth of crime victims. They experience abuse from parents and caretakers, are victimized by strangers, and are exposed to violence when they witness crimes in their homes and neighborhoods. Effective, age-appropriate interactions and practices adapted to the child can reduce the trauma that child victims and child witnesses experience and minimize their long-term physical, emotional, and social problems. Recommended actions include training all criminal justice professionals who come in contact with children to identify children who are exposed to violence as victims or witnesses and informing criminal justice professionals of the impact of victimization on children. In addition, criminal justice professionals assigned to handle cases involving child victims and child witnesses should have more training in forensic interviewing, child development, the identification of abuse-related injuries, the emotional and psychological impacts of abuse, and legal issues related to child victims and witnesses. Moreover, child witnesses should receive the same level of victim assistance and special protections within the criminal and juvenile justice systems as do child victims. Other actions should include collaborative efforts among multiple agencies and adaptations of practices to recognize and address children's developmental stages and needs. Program profiles, list of resources for information and training, list of innovative programs, and 46 references
Main Term(s): Criminal Justice System Response to Victims
Index Term(s): Juvenile dependency and neglect ; Victim services ; Child abuse and neglect hearings ; Juvenile witnesses ; Juvenile victims ; Children in the courtroom ; Child victim interviews
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=176983

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