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NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

  NCJ Number: NCJ 177624     Find in a Library
  Title: School and Community Interventions To Prevent Serious and Violent Offending
  Document URL: HTML PDF 
  Author(s): Richard F. Catalano Ph.D. ; Rolf Loeber Ph.D. ; Kay C. McKinney
  Date Published: 10/1999
  Page Count: 12
  Series: OJJDP Serious and Violent Juvenile Offending Series
  Annotation: The Study Group on Serious and Violent Juvenile Offenders concludes that timely comprehensive school-based and community-based interventions hold the greatest potential for preventing serious violent juvenile offending.
  Abstract: The Study Group examined five types of school interventions: structured playground activities, behavioral consultation, behavioral monitoring and reinforcement, metal detectors, and schoolwide reorganization. These interventions varied in effectiveness. Programs that monitored student behavior and reinforced attendance and academic progress increased positive school behavior and academic achievement while decreasing delinquency. Although metal detectors reduced the number of weapons brought into schools, they did not apparently decrease weapon carrying or violence outside schools. The Study Group also examined eight types of community interventions: citizen mobilization, situational prevention, comprehensive citizen intervention, mentoring, afterschool recreation programs, policing strategies, policy changes, and mass media interventions. Several of these interventions showed positive results in reducing risk and enhancing protective factors. Studies with long-term follow-up show that certain programs were effective in reducing juvenile crime and substance abuse. 88 references
  Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency prevention programs
  Index Term(s): Community crime prevention programs ; School delinquency programs ; Violent juvenile offenders ; Violence prevention
  Sponsoring Agency: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
US Dept of Justice
United States of America
  Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse/NCJRS
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
  Type: Program/Project Evaluation
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
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