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NCJ Number: NCJ 178898     Find in a Library
Title: Prevention of Serious and Violent Juvenile Offending
  Document URL: HTML PDF 
Author(s): Gail A. Wasserman ; Laurie S. Miller ; Lynn Cothern
Date Published: 04/2000
Page Count: 16
  Series: OJJDP Serious and Violent Juvenile Offending Series
  Annotation: This Bulletin describes some of the developmental precursors for serious and violent juvenile offending and describes effective approaches for its prevention that focus on family, parent, and child.
Abstract: The best predictor of antisocial adolescent behavior is early conduct problems. Most serious offenders have a history of childhood misbehavior, including antisocial behaviors such as physical aggression; conduct disorders; and disruptive, covert, oppositional, and defiant behaviors. Identifying the risk factors for these behaviors is important in developing strategies to prevent violent offending. Risk factors may include community-level risk factors, such as poverty or access to guns or drugs, as well as proximal risk factors, such as parent management practices, deviant peer groups, or low intelligence. This Bulletin explores these proximal risk factors, reviews the early developmental precursors to violent offending, and summarizes approaches to prevention. It also discusses components of intervention programs; limitations of single-focus preventions; examples of well-designed, multisystemic intervention programs that target proximal risk factors; and limitations of prevention strategies. Among the strategies recommended are parent management training, functional family therapy, and family preservation. Child-focused strategies include social competence training, academic skills enhancement, and medication. Other strategies described are classroom-focused and peer group-focused. 145 references
Main Term(s): Violent juvenile offenders
Index Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors ; Juvenile delinquency prevention ; Peer influences on behavior ; Parent-Child Relations ; Violence causes ; Parental influence ; Violence prevention
Sponsoring Agency: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
US Dept of Justice
United States of America
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse/NCJRS
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Issue Overview
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: This Bulletin is based on Chapter 10, "The Prevention of Serious and Violent Juvenile Offending," by Gail A. Wasserman and Laurie S. Miller (1998), in "Serious and Violent Juvenile Offenders: Risk Factors and Successful Interventions," edited by Rolf Loeber and David P. Farrington, Sage Publications.
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