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NCJ Number: NCJ 178995     Find in a Library
Title: Juvenile Justice: A Century of Change
  Document URL: HTML PDF 
Author(s): Howard N. Snyder ; Melissa Sickmund
Date Published: 12/1999
Page Count: 20
  Series: OJJDP National Report Series
  Annotation: This bulletin describes the development of the U.S. juvenile justice system.
Abstract: The bulletin examines where the juvenile justice system is headed and the recent trend of transferring certain juvenile cases to adult criminal court. The juvenile justice system provides youthful offenders and their victims with a comprehensive yet balanced approach to justice. Probation, treatment, and restitution are widely used. At its best the juvenile court balances rehabilitation and treatment with appropriate sanctions - including incarceration, when necessary. For most juveniles who enter the system, this approach works: 54 percent of males and 73 percent of females never return to juvenile court on a new referral. There are, however, areas in the juvenile justice system that need improvement. For example, the system needs to prepare to handle more female offenders and offenders under the age of 13, two groups whose numbers are increasing. The bulletin also provides a brief history of the U.S. juvenile justice system, from its roots in 16th-century European educational reform movements, to the present, citing relevant cases. Tables, figures, sources, resources
Main Term(s): Juveniles
Index Term(s): Juvenile court diversion ; Judicial decisions ; Juvenile courts ; Statistics ; Juvenile justice system ; Juvenile statistics ; Juvenile rehabilitation ; History of juvenile justice ; Juvenile parole services
Sponsoring Agency: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
US Dept of Justice
United States of America
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse/NCJRS
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Historical Overview
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: Information for this bulletin was taken from chapter 4 of Juvenile Offenders and Victims: 1999 National Report NCJ-178257
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