skip navigation

CrimeSolutions.gov

Add your conference to our Justice Events calendar

PUBLICATIONS

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection.
To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database.

How to Obtain Documents
 
NCJ Number: NCJ 179280   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Controlling Drugs and Social Disorder Using Civil Remedies: Final Report of a Randomized Field Experiment in Oakland, California
Author(s): Lorraine Green Mazerolle ; Jan Roehl
Corporate Author: University of Cincinnati
United States of America
Date Published: 05/1998
Page Count: 104
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 95-IJ-CX-0039
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF 
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: An experimental program conducted in Oakland, Calif., from January 1994 through March 1997 focused on how the police use of civil remedies to address the physical decay of targeted commercial establishments, private homes, and rental properties affected the control of problems of drug law offenses and disorder.
Abstract: Fifty street blocks were randomly assigned to the Oakland Police Department's Beat Health program; the other 50 street blocks were randomly assigned to the general patrol division. Drug dealing was reported as a major problem prior to the start of the experiment in approximately three-quarters of the locations in both the control and experimental sites. Other complaints included rat and roach infestations, prostitution, trespassing, problems with animals such as pit bulls, and other health and welfare issues. Police actions in the Beat Health areas included inspections, citations, warning letters, beat orders, working with property owners to evict troublesome tenants, and property cleanups. Analysis of 1,765,461 call incidents revealed significantly greater increases in drug call incidents in the control area than in the experimental area. The two areas were similar with respect to calls related to violent crimes, property crimes, and disorders. However, observed signs of disorder increased more in the control area than in the experimental area. Findings indicated that police efforts to affect drug and disorder problems can be effective independent of the existing social climate on a street block and also indicated the importance of effective place management independent of police efforts. Overall, the study concluded that fairly simple and expedient civil remedies applied by police officers with the help of municipal agencies are effective in reducing drug and disorder problems. Figures, tables, footnotes, appended maps and instrument, and 73 references
Main Term(s): Policing innovation
Index Term(s): Police effectiveness ; Disorderly conduct ; Drug law offenses ; Interagency cooperation ; Drug law enforcement ; Civil remedies ; Police management ; Services effectiveness ; Public nuisance ; Nuisance abatement programs ; California
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=179280

* A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's web site is provided.