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NCJ Number: NCJ 180774   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Policing on American Indian Reservations
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): Stuart Wakeling ; Miriam Jorgensen ; Susan Michaelson ; Manley Begay ; Francis X. Hartmann ; Joseph P. Kalt
Date Published: 01/2000
Page Count: 112
  Annotation: This paper reports on a study that took a broad look at policing in Indian Country and evaluated the prospects for community policing on American Indian reservations.
Abstract: The broad look at policing in Indian Country was designed to produce a better understanding of the many arrangements for administering reservation police departments, an initial assessment of the challenges facing Indian policing, and the identification of policing approaches that might be successful in responding to the increasing crime problem on Indian reservations. This paper first develops the context of policing in Indian Country by identifying the variety of socioeconomic, cultural, and political conditions that characterize Indian Country today and by offering a brief description of the typical Indian police department. Next, the paper describes the crime problems to which these departments must respond; this description is prefaced with a discussion of the difficulties in obtaining reliable and useful crime data from Indian Country. The paper then addresses problems of organization and management. After a more in-depth description of the range of police departments in Indian Country, data are presented on reporting structures, staffing, and funding. Specific examples are then provided from site visits to give a clearer picture of the primary management challenges faced by reservation police departments. The severity of these challenges leads to a consideration of whether the resource constraints identified fully explain the policing problems. In determining that resource constraints do not fully explain the policing problems, this report looks beyond budgetary considerations to the history of reservation policing, particularly the impact of Federal policy. The report's central conclusion is that Federal policy has failed to promote the ability of Indian nations to design and exert meaningful control over their own policing institutions. 3 tables, 112 references, and appended survey questionnaires
Main Term(s): Tribal police
Index Term(s): Police organizational structure ; Indian justice ; Indian affairs ; American Indians ; Police management
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 95-IJ-CX-0086
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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