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NCJ Number: NCJ 181085     Find in a Library
Title: Vietnamese Youth Gang Involvement
  Document URL: Text PDF 
Author(s): Phelan A. Wyrick
Date Published: 2000
Page Count: 2
  Annotation: This fact sheet summarizes findings from an Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention report, "Cultural Explanations for Vietnamese Youth Involvement in Street Gangs".
Abstract: The city of Westminster in Orange County, California, has a population of 86,000. Approximately 25 percent are Asians, most are Vietnamese refugees. As much as 17 percent of all juvenile delinquency and 48 percent of all Asian delinquency in Westminster has been attributed to gang-involved Asian youth. The study characterized a youth as gang involved if he admitted to being involved in a gang or was identified as a gang member by a criminal justice agency. A second definition, called social centrality, classified a youth as gang involved if he identified at least one gang member among his peers who provided core social support. Focus groups composed of experts in Vietnamese culture and experts in youth gangs tested three cultural and five noncultural hypotheses using both definitions as dependent variables. Noncultural explanations were more predictive of gang involvement than cultural explanations. Two main factors that predicted Vietnamese youth gang involvement were pro-gang attitudes and exposure to gangs in the neighborhood.
Main Term(s): Juveniles
Index Term(s): Adolescent attitudes ; Juvenile/Youth Gangs ; Gangs ; Juvenile gang behavior patterns ; Juvenile Delinquency prevention planning ; Asian gangs ; Gang Prevention ; Gang member attitudes ; California
Sponsoring Agency: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
US Dept of Justice
United States of America
Grant Number: 95-JD-FX-0014
Publication Number: FS-200001
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse/NCJRS
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: OJJDP Fact Sheet, February 2000
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

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