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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 182210     Find in a Library
  Title: Preventing Adolescent Gang Involvement
  Document URL: HTML PDF 
  Author(s): Finn-Aage Esbensen
  Date Published: 09/2000
  Page Count: 12
  Series: OJJDP Youth Gang Series
  Annotation: This Bulletin provides information on which to build a comprehensive strategy to prevent youth gang involvement, as it examines the youth gang problem within the larger context of juvenile violence.
  Abstract: Given the risk factors for gang membership discussed at the outset of this Bulletin, some conclusions are drawn about primary prevention. First, gang formation is not restricted to urban underclass areas. Second, gang members come from a variety of backgrounds. Third, once juveniles join a gang, they engage in high levels of criminal activity; therefore, it is appropriate to formulate primary gang prevention efforts that target the entire adolescent population. In terms of secondary prevention approaches, some youth are at higher risk of joining gangs. Secondary prevention approaches should recognize that youth gangs are still more likely to be found in socially disorganized or marginalized communities. Secondary prevention strategies should focus on communities and youth exposed to greater risk factors. Community-level gang problem assessments may help guide prevention strategies by identifying areas and groups of youth that are most at risk for gang activity. Tertiary prevention programs have shown little promise, and some detached worker programs produced the unintended consequence of increasing gang cohesion; law enforcement crackdowns on gangs have proven to be inefficient suppression approaches to gang activity and are not cost-effective. Although there is no certain approach to the gang problem that will guarantee success, it is best addressed through a comprehensive strategy that incorporates primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention approaches. 92 references
  Main Term(s): Juvenile/Youth Gangs
  Index Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors ; Juvenile delinquency prevention ; Program planning ; Community crime prevention programs ; Gang Prevention
  Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse/NCJRS
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
  Type: Instructional Material
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  Note: OJJDP Juvenile Justice Bulletin, September 2000
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