skip navigation

Add your conference to our Justice Events calendar


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

  NCJ Number: NCJ 182782   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
  Title: Drug Testing for Youthful Offenders on Parole: An Experimental Study
  Document URL: PDF 
  Author(s): Rudy Haapanen Ph.D. ; Grant Boyken ; Stuart Henderson ; Lee Britton Ph.D.
  Corporate Author: California Dept of the Youth Authority
United States of America
  Date Published: 08/1998
  Page Count: 185
  Annotation: This report presents the findings of a 5-year experimental study of drug testing for youthful offenders released to parole.
  Abstract: The study's intent was to determine how much drug testing should be part of regular parole supervision. For juveniles committed to the California Youth Authority (CYA), parole follows a determination by the Youthful Offender Parole Board (YOPB) that the offender has made sufficient progress to warrant release into the community. Youthful parolees are not, for the most part, "drug offenders," but are serious offenders who also have substance abuse problems. Drug testing is believed to reduce drug use among offenders through deterrence and detection. This study was designed to assess differences in outcome (if any) for comparable groups that differed in the amount of drug testing but not in other aspects of supervision. By maximizing scientific rigor, the study sought to obtain the best assessment of the effectiveness of drug testing levels, independent of the effects of other aspects of parole supervision. The sample included all wards committed directly to the CYA from juvenile or adult courts who were released to parole over the course of 10 months (November 1992 through August 1993). The study found that positive drug tests during the first 3 months of parole predicted higher levels of arrest over the follow-up period up to 42 months. These results suggest that drug testing might be used as a risk assessment tool to identify parolees who demonstrate their higher criminal propensity by submitting positive urine samples early during parole. Regarding the strategy for drug testing, the evaluation recommends minimal surprise testing, but regular, frequent testing during the first 3 months of parole. 15 tables, 13 figures, and 44 references
  Main Term(s): Juvenile parolees
  Index Term(s): Drug testing ; Parole effectiveness ; Parole supervision ; Intensive supervision programs ; California
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Grant Number: 91-IJ-CX-K023
  Sale Source: California Dept of the Youth Authority
4241 Williamsborough Drive
Sacramento, CA 95823
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
  Type: Program/Project Evaluation
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  Note: Dataset may be archived by the NIJ Data Resources Program at the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.