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The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection.
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NCJ Number: NCJ 184253     Find in a Library
Title: When Prisoners Return to the Community: Political, Economic, and Social Consequences, Research in Brief
  Document URL: Text PDF 
Author(s): Joan Petersilia Ph.D.
Date Published: 11/2000
Page Count: 7
  Series: NIJ Research in Brief
  Annotation: This paper assesses the effectiveness of parole in most States and offers recommendations for improving parole supervision.
Abstract: The number of offenders returning to the community from prison currently dwarfs anything known before; and the needs of released inmates are greater than in the past because corrections has retained few rehabilitation programs due to the depletion of funding caused by expanded prison building. Two-thirds of all parolees are rearrested within 3 years after release. Recycling parolees in and out of families and communities has a number of adverse effects. It is detrimental to community cohesion, employment prospects and economic well-being, participation in the democratic process, family stability and childhood development, and mental and physical health; and it can exacerbate such problems as homelessness. In response, several jurisdictions throughout the country have launched a new approach to the public safety challenge posed by released offenders. In a project sponsored by the U.S. Department of Justice, eight jurisdictions are serving as pilot sites of the Reentry Partnerships Initiative, whose goal is better risk management via enhanced surveillance, risk and needs assessment, and prerelease planning. The program is based on the drug court model and taps the court's authority to use sanctions and incentives to help released offenders remain crime free. 39 notes
Main Term(s): Corrections effectiveness
Index Term(s): Parole board ; Probation or parole services ; Parolees ; Parole ; Federal programs ; Parole board discretion ; Parole condition violations ; Parole effectiveness ; Parole supervision
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 97-MU-MU-K006
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: Sentencing and Corrections, No.9, November 2000
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