skip navigation

Justinfo Subscribe to Stay Informed

Add your conference to our Justice Events calendar


NCJRS Abstract


Subscribe to Stay Informed
Want to be in the know? JUSTINFO is a biweekly e-newsletter containing information about new publications, events, training, funding opportunities, and Web-based resources available from the NCJRS Federal sponsors. Sign up to get JUSTINFO in your inbox.

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection.
To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database.

How to Obtain Documents
NCJ Number: NCJ 184388     Find in a Library
Title: Alternative Sanctions in Germany: An Overview of Germany's Sentencing Practices
  Document URL: Text PDF 
Author(s): Christian Pfeiffer
Date Published: 02/1996
Page Count: 3
  Series: NIJ Research Preview
  Annotation: This paper reports on studies of Germany's sentencing practices, with attention to the use of alternative sanctions.
Abstract: Studies conducted by the Criminological Research Institute of Lower Saxony explored individual and regional disparities in sentencing and sought to determine the effects of sentencing practices on offending patterns and career criminality. Findings from these studies suggest that when youths are imprisoned for offenses, they are more likely to later embrace criminality than are youth given alternative sanctions. Judges, therefore, began to avoid giving prison sentences to the extent possible. Another study reviewed some 2,000 case dispositions, assigning the judges in the cases to one of two groups: "authoritarian" judges and "liberal" judges deemed more communicative, more positive in their expectations of offenders, and milder in their sentencing approach. Social workers who were responsible for monitoring community service sentences were similarly categorized. The rates at which offenders disobeyed judicial orders were analyzed according to the type of judge and social worker involved in their cases. In cases in which both the judge and social worker were liberal, offender disobedience was 6.5 percent; in cases in which the judge was liberal and the social worker was authoritarian, offender disobedience was 11.3 percent; in cases in which the judge was authoritarian and the social worker was liberal, offender disobedience was 14.4 percent; and in cases in which both the judge and the social worker were authoritarian, offender disobedience was 27.3 percent. Subsequent widespread dissemination and publication of these research results effected change in Germany's sentencing policies and practices.
Main Term(s): Foreign courts
Index Term(s): Sentencing/Sanctions ; Alternatives to institutionalization ; Sentencing factors ; Judicial attitudes ; Foreign sentencing ; Germany
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: Research in Progress Seminar Series
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

* A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's web site is provided.