skip navigation

Add your conference to our Justice Events calendar


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

  NCJ Number: NCJ 184551   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
  Title: Influence of Neighborhood, Peer, and Family Context: Trajectories of Delinquent/Criminal Offending Across the Life Course, Final Report
  Document URL: PDF 
  Author(s): Kenneth C. Land
  Date Published: 2000
  Page Count: 221
  Annotation: This study presents an integration of macro-level and micro-level theories of crime to determine the impact of social context on longitudinal patterns of delinquent/criminal offending.
  Abstract: Integrating theories of macro-level social disorganization, micro-level social control, and the life-course/developmental perspective on crime, this study examined the impact of demographic measures (race and gender), neighborhood context, family structure and support, and peer and school associations on offending trajectories. Data for the study were drawn from the 1942 and 1949 Racine Birth Cohort Studies. Longitudinal offending behavior, measured as contacts with the police, were combined with interview data for a subsample of males and females from the birth cohorts. Findings show that five latent classes of offenders are optimal for the 1942 and 1949 Racine Birth Cohort sample as a whole. Five latent classes are also appropriate for the males in the sample, and three latent classes are appropriate for the females in the sample. Both males and females exhibited nonoffending patterns as well as chronic and peaked offending patterns. The low-chronic offenders were the most prevalent offender group and were responsible for the highest percentage of offenses in the cohort (38.8 percent). Although race and gender were important predictors of latent class membership in the baseline models, the addition of social context (neighborhood, peers, and family) rendered them insignificant. Family stability was found to be the most important predictor of chronic offending. Extensive tables and figures and 80 references
  Main Term(s): Criminology
  Index Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors ; Social conditions ; Peer influences on behavior ; Parent-Child Relations
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Grant Number: #99-IJ-CX-0035
  Sale Source: UMI Dissertation Services
300 North Zeeb Road
P.O. Box 1346
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
United States of America
  Type: Report (Study/Research)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  Note: Dataset may be archived by the NIJ Data Resources Program at the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.