skip navigation

Add your conference to our Justice Events calendar


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

  NCJ Number: NCJ 184937   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
  Title: Analysis of Communications Effectiveness for First Responders During TOPOFF 2000
  Document URL: PDF 
  Author(s): A. G. Arnold ; G. R. DiPietro ; T. L. Mucha ; C. W. Schaffer ; A. M. Sadowski ; R. S. Sigamoney ; C. H. Sinex ; W. F. Smith
  Date Published: 08/2000
  Page Count: 78
  Annotation: Exercise Top Officials (TOPOFF) 2000 was designed to assess the crisis and consequence management capability of the United States by presenting a challenging series of geographically dispersed terrorist threats and acts to Federal, State, and local agencies.
  Abstract: TOPOFF was a congressionally mandated, "no notice" national exercise that was conducted in May 2000. Live exercise play was conducted in two host cities (Denver, Colorado, and Portsmouth, New Hampshire). Each city was presented with a mock terrorism event involving a weapon of mass destruction (WMD) to test the response of agencies at the State and local levels. A technology assessment was conducted of the First Responder communications equipment used during TOPOFF. This assessment focused on exercise operations in Portsmouth. Because the WMD used in Portsmouth was a chemical weapon dispersed via an exploding vehicle, this venue provided the greatest level of operational stress for the First Responder communications equipment. The analysis methodology was based on a three-level hierarchy of measures to assess communications effectiveness--critical operational issues, measures of effectiveness, and measures of performance. Both fire and police departments felt a command post/communications vehicle, cellular phones, and laptop computers with reach-back capability were needed for a chemical terrorist event. Shortage of radio frequencies was cited by most respondents as a problem, and several suggested radio trunking as a possible solution. Deficiencies were also noted with respect to situation awareness, interoperability, and interagency communications. Analysis findings are tabulated in an appendix. Tables and figures
  Main Term(s): Science and Technology
  Index Term(s): Computer aided operations ; Emergency procedures ; Police telecommunications systems ; Fire departments ; Counter-terrorism tactics ; Terrorist tactics ; Police emergency procedures ; Terrorist weapons ; NIJ grant-related documents ; New Hampshire ; Colorado
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Grant Number: 2000-LT-BX-K001
  Publication Number: JWR-00-016
  Sale Source: Johns Hopkins University
Baltimore, MD 21218
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
  Type: Report (Technical)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  Note: Dataset may be archived by the NIJ Data Resources Program at the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.