skip navigation

CrimeSolutions.gov

Add your conference to our Justice Events calendar

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 
  NCJ Number: NCJ 188069     Find in a Library
  Title: Pepper Spray's Effects on a Suspect's Ability to Breathe, Research in Brief
  Document URL: Text PDF 
  Author(s): Theodore C. Chan ; Gary M. Vilke ; Jack Clausen ; Richard Clark ; Paul Schmidt ; Thomas Snowden ; Tom Neuman
  Corporate Author: University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and Medical Ctr
United States of America
  Date Published: 2001
  Page Count: 8
  Series: NIJ Research in Brief
  Annotation: This research brief reported on a medical research study at the University of California-San Diego, investigating whether Oleoresin Capsicum (OC), the active ingredient in pepper spray, by itself or in combination with positional restraint caused, respiratory damage that could lead to injury or death.
  Abstract: This research assessed the cardiovascular effects of a commercial OC spray that is widely used by law enforcement agencies. It also examined the effect of spray and positional restraint on blood pressure and how the effects of OC were influenced by other factors such as body weight, size, asthma, pulmonary diseases, inhaler, or a history of smoking. The study concluded that, in a laboratory setting, OC spray inhalation, combined with positional restraint, posed no significant risks in terms of respiratory and pulmonary complications. The authors of the brief believed this study should reassure law enforcement personnel that it would be clinically safe to employ forceful measures when necessary and that relations between local agencies and communities would improve through knowledge that enforcement techniques like the use of OC spray had been rigorously tested. Lastly, they thought that for public policy, this study would provide a scientific basis for finding safer methods of restraint and for assessing force techniques and custody restraint methods. 6 graphs, 3 notes, glossary, and reading suggestions
  Main Term(s): Police research ; Oleoresin Capsicum (OC)/Pepper Spray
  Index Term(s): Less Lethal/ Nonlethal Weapons ; Chemical irritants
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
  Type: Issue Overview
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=188069

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.