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NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 
  NCJ Number: NCJ 189244   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
  Title: Evaluation of the Breaking the Cycle Demonstration in Birmingham, Alabama: Final Report
  Document URL: PDF 
  Dataset URL: DATASET 1
  Author(s): Adele Harrell ; Alexa Hirst ; Ojmarrh Mitchell ; Douglas Marlowe ; Jeffrey Merrill
  Corporate Author: The Urban Institute
United States of America
  Date Published: 06/2001
  Page Count: 102
  Annotation: This report presents findings on the impact of the Breaking the Cycle (BTC) program in Birmingham, AL, on offenders and the criminal justice system, and analyzes the costs and benefits of BTC services intended to address offender drug abuse.
  Abstract: Birmingham became the first site in the multi-site research and demonstration BTC project in 1996. The BTC model had four elements: (1) early intervention through identifying offenders eligible for drug treatment immediately after arrest, (2) close judicial oversight of participation in drug treatment, (3) the use of graduated sanctions and incentives to retain offenders in treatment, and (4) close collaboration between criminal justice agencies and drug treatment. The impact analysis used a quasi-experimental design to compare 137 offenders selected prior to full implementation to 245 offenders eligible for the full range of BTC interventions. The evaluation also examined changes in court system operations and the effects of these changes on case disposition, duration, and sentencing. Results revealed consistent indications of reductions in criminal activity and drug use among drug-involved defendants, although less indication of declines in drug-related problems such as physical or mental health problems. The analysis also noted that these results needed interpretation in terms of the actual services delivered, because BTC implementation diverged in important respects from the model initially envisioned. Findings also indicated that BTC made important contributions for the functioning of the justice system in Birmingham despite the implementation problems. Findings indicated the benefits of increased early intervention with drug-involved defendants, although these findings were from only one site and should be considered preliminary. Tables, figures, appended methodological information and instrument for measuring addiction severity, and 16 references
  Main Term(s): Criminology
  Index Term(s): Drug treatment programs ; Cost/Benefit Analysis ; Involuntary treatment ; Diversion programs ; Drug offenders ; Alternative court procedures ; Intensive supervision programs ; Recidivism causes ; Treatment effectiveness ; Alabama
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Grant Number: 97-IJ-CX-0013
  Sale Source: The Urban Institute
2100 M Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20037
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
  Type: Program/Project Evaluation
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  Note: Dataset may be archived by the NIJ Data Resources Program at the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=189244

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