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NCJ Number: NCJ 189560     Find in a Library
Title: Spatial Analysis of Crime in Appalachia: Executive Summary
  Document URL: PDF 
  Dataset URL: DATASET 1
Author(s): James G. Cameron
Date Published: 2001
Page Count: 21
  Annotation: This study aimed to demonstrate the contributions that Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and spatial analysis procedures could make to the study of crime patterns in a largely nonmetropolitan region and examined the extent to which the relationship between various structural factors and crime varied across Appalachia between 1980 and 1990.
Abstract: The research also applied spatial data analysis and confirmatory spatial data analysis procedures to identify patterns of spatial autocorrelation and spatial heterogeneity in the distribution of crime. The research integrated georeferenced data from the Federal Bureau of Investigation Uniform Crime Reports, the Decennial Census of the United States, the Department of Agriculture, and the Appalachian Regional Commission into a GIS database. Results revealed that Appalachia is a region characterized by substantial demographic diversity and socioeconomic change and that a majority of Appalachia’s population continues to live in counties characterized by economic distress and poverty. In addition, crime has been increasing at a faster rate in Appalachia than for the country as a whole. The spatial autocorrelation patterns of both violent crime and property crime indicate that these spatial patterns are not random. These patterns of spatial autocorrelation persist even after controlling for the effects of various structural factors. The spatial autocorrelation patterns for violent crime suggest a possible diffusion process. In addition, different mechanisms may be operating with regard to levels of violent crime and property crime in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan locations. Finally significant subregional differences exist in the effects of various demographic and socioeconomic predictors of crime and in the clustering and spread of crime. Tables, figure, and 15 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Economic influences ; Computer mapping ; Social conditions ; Geographic distribution of crime ; Crime patterns ; Rural urban comparisons ; Geographic information systems (GIS)
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 1999-LT-VX-0001
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: See NCJ-189559 for the Final Report.
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