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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 190074 Find in a Library
Title: Parental Abduction: A Review of the Literature
Author(s): Janet Chiancone
Corporate Author: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
US Dept of Justice
United States of America
Date Published: 2000
Page Count: 13
Sponsoring Agency: Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Sale Source: Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse/NCJRS
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Literature Review
Format: Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This literature review explores the prevalence of parental abduction, the characteristics of offenders and victims, and the effect of this crime on children and parents.
Abstract: Parental abduction is defined as the taking and concealment of a child by a parent, other family member, or their agent in violation of the rights of the other parent or other family member. According to research by the National Incidence Studies on Missing, Abducted, Runaway, and Thrownaway Children in America (NISMART) conducted in 1988, there are an estimated 354,100 cases of parental abduction in any given year. Research also indicates that abductors tend to be in their 30s and abducted children are typically between the ages of 3 to 5 years. High rates of cross-cultural or international marriages have been discovered among parental abduction cases. Motivations to abduct, as well as risk factors for abduction, are identified followed by a discussion of the psychological impact of abduction. Research on the criminal justice system’s response to parental abductions is reviewed, including the law enforcement agency response and obstacles to handling parental abduction cases, such as verifying custody orders and clarifying law enforcement roles in other jurisdictions. Overall, the research on parental abductions indicates that this type of crime can be traumatic for both children and left-behind parents and that the longer the separation continues the more damaging the experience becomes. Endnotes, references
Main Term(s): Kidnapping; Parental rights
Index Term(s): Literature reviews; Missing children; Psychological victimization effects
Note: Downloaded November 9, 2005.
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