skip navigation

Add your conference to our Justice Events calendar


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

  NCJ Number: NCJ 190106     Find in a Library
  Title: Early Precursors of Gang Membership: A Study of Seattle Youth
  Document URL: PDF 
  Author(s): Karl G. Hill ; Christina Lui ; J. David Hawkins
  Date Published: 11/2001
  Page Count: 6
  Series: OJJDP Youth Gang Series
  Annotation: This bulletin presents results of Seattleā€™s Social Development Project, which examines the question of why young children and teenagers decide to join gangs.
  Abstract: This study concluded that there was no single overriding factor that explains gang membership. In fact there were multiple risk factors that influence membership as well as duration of membership. Some of these factors included environment, such as violent neighborhoods, dysfunctional family relationships, peer pressures, and individual problem behaviors. The more of these risk factors that are present the higher the odds that the child or teenager will join a gang. It was also determined that those who were most maladjusted socially and behaviorally in childhood were more likely to join gangs later in life. According to the researcher, one way to prevent gang membership is through the process of early intervention. This means that prevention programs should target fourteen-year-olds since they are at the most vulnerable age. The study concludes that in order to curb gang membership, prevention programs should use a comprehensive approach to address multiple influences rather than focussing on one particular area. Figures, references
  Main Term(s): Juveniles ; Juvenile/Youth Gangs
  Index Term(s): Youth (Under 15) ; Community crime prevention programs ; Social Learning ; Peer influences on behavior
  Sponsoring Agency: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
US Dept of Justice
United States of America
  Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse/NCJRS
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
  Type: Report (Study/Research)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.