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NCJ Number: NCJ 191524     Find in a Library
Title: Modern-Day Youth Gangs
  Document URL: HTML PDF 
Author(s): James C. Howell ; Arlen Egley Jr. ; Debra K. Gleason
Corporate Author: Institute for Intergovernmental Research
United States of America
Date Published: 02/2002
Page Count: 12
  Series: OJJDP Youth Gang Series
  Annotation: Drawing on data from the 1996 and 1998 National Youth Gang Surveys, this bulletin compares the characteristics of gangs and gang members in jurisdictions with later (1991-96) onset of gang problems with those of gangs and gang members in jurisdictions with earlier onset (before 1991) of gang problems.
Abstract: Although whites were the predominant racial/ethnic group in later onset localities, racial/ethnic mixing may be a defining characteristic of such gangs. Gang members in the earliest onset localities not only were involved in property crimes, but also were very likely to be involved in violent crimes (homicide, aggravated assault, robbery, and use of firearms). In contrast, gang members in the latest onset localities were most likely to be involved in the property crimes of burglary/breaking and entering and larceny/theft, although they were far less likely to be involved in motor vehicle theft. Gang-member involvement in drug trafficking was lower in the later onset jurisdictions than in the earlier onset jurisdictions; however, in the later onset jurisdictions, the level of individual-member involvement in drug sales was greater than the overall level of gang control of drug distribution. The findings suggest that by taking action as soon as a gang problem is discovered, it may be possible to interrupt the gangs' developmental progression from involvement in general delinquency and property crimes to involvement in serious, violent activities. 4 figures, 5 notes, and 53 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile/Youth Gangs
Index Term(s): Age group comparisons ; Juvenile gang behavior patterns ; Race-crime relationships ; Gender issues ; Gang violence ; OJJDP grant-related documents
Sponsoring Agency: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
US Dept of Justice
United States of America
Contract Number: 95-JD-MU-K001
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse/NCJRS
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Survey
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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