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NCJ Number: NCJ 192288     Find in a Library
Title: Patterns of Juvenile Delinquency and Co-Offending
Author(s): Joan McCord Ph.D. ; Kevin P. Conway Ph.D.
Corporate Author: Temple University
Dept of Criminal Justice
United States of America

Yale University School of Medicine
Dept of Epidemiology and Public Health
United States of America
Date Published: 2001
Page Count: 20
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 92-IJ-CX-K008
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Yale University School of Medicine
Dept of Epidemiology and Public Health
40 Temple Street, Suite 7B
New Haven, CT 06510-3223
United States of America
Document: PDF 
Dataset: DATASET 1
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study used longitudinal data from Philadelphia to focus on co-offending in relation to age at first arrest.
Abstract: Study subjects consisted of a random sample of 400 offenders drawn from police tapes that listed 60,821 crimes committed in Philadelphia during 1987. Because the researchers wanted to compare solo offending with co-offending, half the sample was drawn from a list of offenses the police had recorded as being solo offenses; the other half, was drawn from a list of co-offenses. Early starters were offenders whose first offense occurred before they were 13 years old (n=106). Late starters were offenders whose first offense occurred after achieving the age of 16 (n=103). The modal offenders (32.5 percent of the sample) were Black males whose first offense occurred when they were between 13 and 15 years old. Complete juvenile histories were tracked. The 400 identified offenders were listed for 1,843 crime incidents, for a mean of 4.61 incidents per offender. The analyses of offending in this randomly selected cohort of offenders active in an urban center during 1987 suggests that co-offending is a key ingredient in high rates of criminality. Co-offending should become a feature in analyzing crime rates and understanding changes in them. Co-offending is also central to understanding individual differences in recidivism. Co-offenders should become targets of interventions strategies. An understanding of the mechanisms by which peers influence intentional behavior should become a focus for theoretical developments. Not only are those who first offended before age 13 most likely to be co-offenders, but the size of their offending groups are most likely to be large. A young co-offender is likely to seek out co-offenders and to commit additional crimes. Ignoring co-offending in the computation of crime rates may result in significantly misleading reports regarding public safety and the effects of incarceration. It further suggests that the mechanisms of peer influence on intentional action deserve attention and that a theory of criminal behavior ought to provide an account of these influences. 1 table and 35 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors
Index Term(s): Peer influences on behavior ; Juvenile Recidivism ; Juvenile crime patterns ; Recidivism causes ; NIJ grant-related documents ; Pennsylvania
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=192288

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