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NCJ Number: NCJ 193433     Find in a Library
Title: Economic Distress, Community Context and Intimate Violence: An Application and Extension of Social Disorganization Theory; Executive Summary
  Document URL: PDF 
  Dataset URL: DATASET 1
Author(s): Michael L. Benson ; Greer L. Fox
Corporate Author: Police Foundation
United States of America
Date Published: 2001
Page Count: 26
  Series: NIJ Research Report
  Annotation: By merging 1990 census data with data drawn from waves 1 and 2 of the National Survey of Families and Households (NSFH), this study examined contextual variation in and correlates of domestic violence; this is the executive summary of the full report.
Abstract: Data were abstracted on conflict and violence among couples in the NSFH, a nationally representative sample of American households, as well as data on their economic resources and well-being, the composition of the household in which the couple lived, and a large number of socio-demographic characteristics of the sample respondents. The 1990 census yielded tract-level data on the characteristics of the census tracts in which the NSFH respondents lived. These data reflected the aggregate social, demographic, and economic characteristics of the tracts. The study found that violence against women was more prevalent and severe in socio-economically disadvantaged neighborhoods. The relationship between community context and intimate violence was found not to be entirely the result of compositional differences in neighborhood populations, but rather represented a contextual effect. At the individual level, both objective and subjective forms of economic distress increased the risk of violence against women. Further, individual-level economic distress and community-level economic disadvantage combined to increase significantly the risk of violence against women. Compared to white couples, the rate of intimate violence against women was higher among African-American couples, but this difference resulted in large measure from their location in disadvantaged neighborhoods and higher levels of economic distress. 8 tables, 2 figures, and 17 references
Main Term(s): Female victims
Index Term(s): Economic influences ; Domestic relations ; Domestic assault ; Domestic violence causes ; NIJ final report
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 98-WT-VX-0011
Sale Source: Police Foundation
1201 Connecticut Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20036
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: For the full report, see NCJ-193434.
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

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