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NCJ Number: NCJ 193807     Find in a Library
Title: Hot Dots in Hot Spots: Examining Repeat Victimization, Executive Summary
  Document URL: PDF 
Corporate Author: Police Executive Research Forum (PERF)
United States of America
Date Published: 1999
Page Count: 17
  Annotation: This is the executive summary of a report on a study that documented the incidence, concentration, and time course of repeat victimization for residential burglary in the cities of Baltimore, MD; Dallas, TX.; and San Diego, CA.
Abstract: Attention was given to a comparison of the incidence of repeat victimization both citywide and in high-crime areas, the time course for repeat victimization, and the relative impact of a police problem-solving strategy on the incidence of repeat victimization in an experimental area. A primary objective of the study was to develop a practical method of measuring repeat victimization by using police offense data. The specific address of the burglary offense was used as the unit of analysis, such that the dwelling was defined as the victim rather than the residents themselves. An examination of police offense records in the three cities showed that repeat victimization for residential burglary was substantial, constituting 11.6 percent of reported residential burglaries in single-family dwellings in Baltimore, 10.4 percent in Dallas, and 3.8 percent in San Diego. Repeat burglaries accounted for 15 percent of reported residential burglaries in single-family dwellings in the highest crime areas of Baltimore, 11 percent in Dallas, and 6 percent in San Diego. Repeat victimization in multi-family dwellings in all three cities was substantially higher than in single-family dwellings. Once burglarized, a single-family household in San Diego was about four times more likely to be burglarized again and three times more likely in Baltimore and Dallas. For multi-family dwellings in San Diego, the increased risk for repeat victimization was six times, 19 times as likely in Baltimore, and 28 times as likely in Dallas. Although police problem-solving efforts differed among the three cities, they generally consisted of advising victims about the likelihood of being victimized again within a short time period, providing information on preventing a recurrence, and informing immediate neighbors of the importance of informal surveillance. Reported residential burglaries declined in the experimental areas relative to the comparison areas in Baltimore and San Diego, but offenses increased in Dallas. Further examination of conditions associated with differing burglaries might have contributed to the development of different, more specific, and more effective police responses. Directions for future research are suggested. 6 tables, 7 figures, and 10 references
Main Term(s): Multiple victimization
Index Term(s): Burglary ; Police crime-prevention ; Effectiveness of crime prevention programs ; Burglary victims ; Multiple victimization ; Problem-Oriented Policing ; NIJ final report ; Maryland ; Texas ; California
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 96-IJ-CX-0042
Sale Source: Police Executive Research Forum (PERF)
1120 Connecticut Avenue, NW
Suite 930
Washington, DC 20036
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: For the full report, see NCJ-193808.
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