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NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 
  NCJ Number: NCJ 193832   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
  Title: Investigation and Evaluation of Voice Stress Analysis Technology, Final Report
  Document URL: PDF 
  Author(s): Darren Haddad ; Roy Ratley ; Sharon Walter ; Megan Smith
  Date Published: 02/2002
  Page Count: 119
  Annotation: This report presents the methodology and results of the testing and evaluation of two voice stress analysis (VSA) systems that their vendors claim can detect stress, possibly indicating deception, in voice communications.
  Abstract: The VSA systems are advertised as being less expensive, easier to use, less invasive in use, and less constrained in their operation than polygraph technology. In response to inquiries by law enforcement officials about this technology, this testing and evaluation was conducted by the Air Force Research Laboratory. The evaluation was conducted in three phases. In the first phase, Dr. John H.L. Hansen investigated the feasibility of detecting stress from speech. He reports on the methods, analysis, and classification of voice stress in an appendix of this report. The second and third phases of this study investigated the reliability of two commercial VSA units (the Vericator and the Diogenes Lantern) from a theoretical perspective and an application (i.e., law enforcement) perspective. The evaluation concludes that the two VSA units do recognize stress through voice analysis; however, although these systems state they detect deception, this was not proven. This study does show, from a number of speech-under-stress studies, that linear and nonlinear features are useful for stress classification. Due to the lack of deceptive stress data available, classification of deceptive stress versus emotional stress or physical stress could not be tested. It still needs to be proven whether or not these VSA systems differentiate between the different types of stress. Suggestions are offered for future research. 4 figures and 14 references
  Main Term(s): Police equipment
  Index Term(s): Behavior under stress ; Voice communications ; Investigative techniques ; Stress assessment ; Instrument validation ; NIJ final report
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Grant Number: 98-LB-VX-A013
  Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
  Type: Report (Study/Research) ; Test/Measurement
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  Note: Dataset may be archived by the NIJ Data Resources Program at the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=193832

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