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NCJ Number: NCJ 194052     Find in a Library
Title: Disease Profile of Texas Prison Inmates
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): Jacques Baillargeon Ph.D. ; Sandra A. Black Ph.D. ; John Pulvino P.A. ; Kim Dunn M.D.
Date Published: 1999
Page Count: 23
  Series: NIJ Research Report
  Annotation: This study examined the prevalence of major acute and chronic conditions in the Texas prison population, one of the Nation's largest.
Abstract: Whereas prison inmates are reported to have poorer overall health and higher rates of health-care use than the general population, there is no current information on the overall disease profile of the U.S. prison population. This study is part of an effort to remedy this gap in information on inmate health. The study population consisted of 170,215 Texas inmates who were incarcerated between August 1997 and July 1998. The institution-wide medical information system provided information on medical conditions and sociodemographic factors. The findings showed that infectious diseases constituted the most prevalent major disease category among inmates (29.6 percent). This was followed by diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue (15.3 percent), diseases of the circulatory system (14 percent), mental disorders (10.8 percent), and diseases of the respiratory system (6.3 percent). Among the specific conditions examined, tuberculosis infection without active pulmonary disease was found to be the most prevalent condition (20.1 percent), followed by hypertension (9.8 percent), asthma (5.2 percent), low back pain (5.1 percent), and viral hepatitis (5 percent). The study concluded that for a number of conditions, the prison population in Texas exhibited prevalence rates substantially higher than those recorded for the general population. Estimates for a number of diseases varied substantially according to age, race, and gender. As information of this type becomes more available, U.S. correctional administrators can develop more efficient health care delivery systems for prison inmates. 6 tables and 34 references
Main Term(s): Corrections research
Index Term(s): Diseases ; Inmate health ; Inmate health care ; Communicable diseases ; NIJ grant-related documents ; Texas
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 98-CE-VX-0022
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

University of Texas Health Science Ctr at San Antonio
Dept of Pediatrics
7703 Floyd Curl Drive
San Antonio, TX 78284-7802
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: Dataset may be archived by the NIJ Data Resources Program at the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

* A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's web site is provided.