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NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

  NCJ Number: NCJ 195164     Find in a Library
  Title: Drugs, Incarceration and Neighborhood Life: The Impact of Reintegrating Offenders Into the Community, Executive Summary
  Document URL: PDF 
  Author(s): Dina R. Rose ; Todd R. Clear ; Judith A. Ryder
  Corporate Author: John Jay College of Criminal Justice
Criminal Justice Ctr
United States of America
  Date Published: 2001
  Page Count: 28
  Annotation: This study examined the aggregate impact of incarceration on the quality of community life in areas that have experienced a high concentration of the incarceration of residents.
  Abstract: The study focused on two Tallahassee, Florida, neighborhoods that had been identified earlier (Rose, Clear, Waring, and Scully, 2000) as having high rates of incarceration relative to other locations in that city. Researchers reviewed archival and contemporary documents relevant to the development of these two neighborhoods. Using a snowball approach, researchers interviewed over 30 local officials, community leaders, and social service providers to determine the contemporary social, political, and economic context of the locations. After pilot tests and screening interviews, researchers conducted individual interviews and a series of four focus groups with 39 people either living or working in the neighborhoods, 13 of whom were ex-offenders. The analysis suggested four domains that captured the impact of the processes of removal and re-entry on the individuals, families, and the community-at-large: the problem of stigma, financial effects, issues regarding identity, and the maintenance of interpersonal relationships. Drugs were a pervasive backdrop to the study. Many ex-offenders discussed their personal problems with drug addiction and described how this posed additional challenges for them upon their return to the community. When discussing crime, many community residents quickly mentioned drug dealers and the problems they pose in causing crime in the community. Based on the findings, some of the 16 recommendations are to target families of incarcerated offenders for an array of services; facilitate contact between families and incarcerated family members; provide services to children or inmates to help stabilize their living situation; implement comprehensive prerelease transition plans that address family needs; provide transitional housing for ex-offenders; and modify rules that disallow individuals with a felony record to acquire a lease. 19 references
  Main Term(s): Corrections policies
  Index Term(s): Drug law offenses ; Effects of imprisonment ; Incarceration and Imprisonment ; Children of incarcerated offenders ; Social reintegration ; Families of Prisoners/Inmate Families ; NIJ grant-related documents
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Grant Number: 99-CE-VX-0008
  Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
  Type: Report (Study/Research)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  Note: See NCJ-195173 for the Final Report
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

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