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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 195235     Find in a Library
  Title: Background Checks for Firearm Transfers, 2001
  Document URL: Text PDF 
  Agency Summary: Agency Summary 
  Author(s): Michael Bowling Ph.D. ; Gene Lauver ; Matthew J. Hickman ; Devon B. Adams
  Corporate Author: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Date Published: 09/2002
  Page Count: 12
  Series: BJS Bulletins
  Annotation: This report from the Bureau of Justice Statistics discusses background checks on people applying to purchase firearms during the year 2001.
  Abstract: Focusing on background checks for the year 2001, this report from the Bureau of Justice Statistics highlights applications for firearm purchases, application rejections, and reasons for rejection. After discussing the ways that the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act mandated criminal history background checks on all persons applying to purchase firearms, this report states that more firearm purchase applications were filed in 2001, when compared to 2000, increasing from 7.7 to 8 million applications. Firearm purchase rejections declined, in 2001, 1.3 percent for a total of 151,000 rejections. Following a discussion of instant approval, purchase permit, exempt carry permit, and other types of State systems for approving prospective firearm purchasers, this report contends that application rejections rates varied by both State and local areas in 2001. Discussing reasons for firearm purchase application rejection, this report describes that 58 percent of rejections occurred in 2001 because the applicant had either had a felony conviction or was under felony indictment. Furthermore, 14 percent of rejections were related to domestic violence misdemeanor convictions or restraining orders, 7.5 percent of rejections were imposed because of State and local law prohibitions, and 1 percent of applicants were rejected for reasons of mental illness. Discussing appeals of denials, this report found that 18 States provide an appeal to courts. A presentation of the details of the Federal Gun Control Act and the Brady Act provision is followed by definitions of terms and a discussion of the methodology used throughout this report.
  Main Term(s): Firearms acts ; Firearms
  Index Term(s): Gun Control ; Handguns ; Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) ; Citizen gun ownership ; Citizen gun use ; Gun control legislation
  Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Justice Statistics Clearinghouse/NCJRS
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
  Type: Report (Study/Research)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

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