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NCJ Number: NCJ 196490     Find in a Library
Title: Offender's Views of Reentry: Implications for Processes, Programs, and Services
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): Faye S. Taxman Ph.D. ; Douglas Young M.S. ; James Byrne Ph.D.
Corporate Author: University of Maryland
Bureau of Governmental Research
United States of America
Date Published: 03/2002
Page Count: 32
  Annotation: Addressing the problem of offenders returning to communities after incarceration, this paper is a part of a series on reentry initiatives sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs and the U.S. Department of Justice.
Abstract: Part of a series of evaluations by the Reentry Partnership Initiative (RPI), this paper, sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs and the U.S. Department of Justice, focuses on problems faced by offenders who return to communities after a period of incarceration. Citing the economic, psychological, and sociological barriers offenders face upon trying to become members of a community, the authors maintain that 70 percent of offenders return to prison within 3 years. In order to improve community crime reduction efforts, the Department of Justice fostered a new assessment of reentry processes. After discussing the history of releasing prisoners and after presenting the assumptions that offenders can return to places of residence with ease, can make meaningful arrangements in prison, and can make the transition instantaneously, this report presents a table highlighting a conceptual framework related to reentry stages, stages of change, constructs, and offender needs. Focusing on driving factors that affect offenders’ behaviors, this report details the pressures offenders face upon reentry by being unsure of how they will be received by friends and family. Presenting societal and institutional factors that affect reintegration, this paper discusses the voting disenfranchisement laws, the housing restrictions in public housing, workplace restrictions, child support payments, notification of return to community, and the public access to criminal histories all of which affect an offender’s access to mainstream society and restrict his or her civil liberties. Concluding with institutional treatments, pre-release, post-release, and integration processes which foster offender integration into communities, the authors argue that RPI initiatives minimize risks of offender reentry while achieving community safety. 1 Table, 25 notes
Main Term(s): Community crime prevention programs ; Reentry
Index Term(s): Recidivism ; Program evaluation ; Evaluation ; Offender participation programs ; NIJ grant-related documents
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2000-IJ-CX-0045
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

University of Maryland
Bureau of Governmental Research
4511 Knox Road
Suite 201
College Park, MD 20740
United States of America
Publisher URL: 
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: Dataset may be archived by the NIJ Data Resources Program at the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
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