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NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 
  NCJ Number: NCJ 197052     Find in a Library
  Title: Exploration of the Correlates of Specialization and Escalation: Executive Summary
  Document URL: PDF 
  Author(s): Todd A. Armstrong ; Chester L. Britt
  Corporate Author: Arizona State University West
Administration of Justice
United States of America
  Date Published: 2002
  Page Count: 42
  Annotation: This is the executive summary for a study that examined the roles of the behavioral, social, and psychological characteristics of an offender on patterns of offending across their criminal career.
  Abstract: The authors explain that previous research on the specialization and escalation of crimes has typically focused on the type of crime the offender commits without regard to the individual characteristics of the offender. This research seeks to add to the body of knowledge by exploring how an offender’s individual and social characteristics affect specialization in a type of crime and escalation of criminal activities. The authors used data from a previous study entitled “Predicting Parole Performance in the Era of Crack Cocaine.” The data included information on youths who were under the supervision of the California Youth Authority in the 1980’s. The data contained information about the youth’s background, behavior, and social characteristics. There were two main research questions under examination. First, the authors questioned whether offender background characteristics affected patterns of offending across a criminal career. Second, the authors wondered whether offender background characteristics had time-varying effects on patterns of offending across a criminal career. Results of statistical analyses suggest that offender background characteristics have a significant impact on the type of offense and the type of offense that may be committed over time. In conclusion, the authors suggest that more work is warranted on types of statistical techniques that would allow a researcher to test the effect of the individual correlates of crime on the patterning of offending. References, tables, figures
  Main Term(s): Criminality prediction
  Index Term(s): Criminal histories ; Criminal career patterns ; Juvenile personality characteristics
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Grant Number: 2001-IJ-CX-0004
  Sale Source: Arizona State University West
Administration of Justice
4701 W. Thunderbird Road
P.O. Box 37100
Phoenix, AZ 85069-7100
United States of America
  Type: Report (Study/Research)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  Note: See NCJ-197053 for the Final Report.
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=197052

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