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NCJ Number: NCJ 198996     Find in a Library
Title: Does Quality-of-Life Policing Widen the Net?
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): Andrew Golub ; Bruce D. Johnson ; Angela Taylor ; John Eterno
Corporate Author: National Development and Research Institute, Inc. (NDRI)
United States of America
Date Published: 2002
Page Count: 30
  Series: NIJ Research Report
  Annotation: This study investigated whether the New York Police Department’s (NYPD) policy of arresting for minor offenses resulted in more people being arrested.
Abstract: During the 1990s, as part of New York’s “get tough on crime” policy, the NYPD began arresting people for minor offenses, such as smoking marijuana in public and farebeating, that affected the quality of life in New York. While the crime rate has declined in New York, many critics voice concern that this type of policy widens the net for arrest, especially among the city’s many minority groups. A counter-argument suggests that an aggressive arrest policy does not necessarily result in more people being arrested. Instead, it is suggested that criminal offenders tend to commit a wide range of offenses, including relatively minor quality-of-life offenses. The authors explain that this perspective is consistent with the criminological theory of low self-control. In order to investigate these competing arguments, the authors compared 195 quality-of-life arrestees with 265 serious arrestees from the 1999 ADAM (Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring Program) New York City Policing Study. Results revealed that the quality-of-life offenders were similar to the serious offenders in prior arrests, demographic composition, and quality of life offenses. As such, the authors conclude that the aggressive arrest policy of the NYPD did not widen the net for arrest. Instead, evidence suggests that the same people were being arrested more often. References, appendix, tables
Main Term(s): Policy analysis ; Arrest procedures ; Criminal justice system policy
Index Term(s): Racial discrimination ; Urban policing ; New York
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America

National Institute on Drug Abuse
United States of America

Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS)
US Dept of Justice
United States of America
Grant Number: 98-IJ-CX-K012; 2000-7353-NY-IJ; 5 T32 DA07233-13
Sale Source: National Development and Research Institute, Inc. (NDRI)
71 West 23rd Street
New York, NY 10010
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: Submitted to Justice Quarterly August 13, 2002.
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