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NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

  NCJ Number: NCJ 203934     Find in a Library
  Title: Detection and Prevalence of Substance Use Among Juvenile Detainees
  Document URL: HTML PDF 
  Author(s): Gary M. McClelland ; Linda A. Teplin ; Karen M. Abram
  Date Published: 04/2004
  Page Count: 16
  Annotation: This document discusses a study aimed at determining the prevalence of substance abuse among juvenile detainees.
  Abstract: The Northwestern Juvenile Project was a study of 1,829 juveniles sampled from intake at the Cook County Juvenile Temporary Detention Center in Chicago (Illinois). Researchers gathered extensive self-report data on substance use and collected urine samples for drug analysis. The goal was to provide practical guidance for juvenile justice policymakers and administrators planning drug detection and treatment programs. The first section presents background information on the effects of substance use and abuse on adolescent development, demonstrating the significant role of this factor in delinquency. The second section reviews literature on the measurement of illicit substance use in detained and securely confined juvenile populations and assesses the state of the science. The third section presents empirical findings from the Northwestern Juvenile Project on the relative merits of self-report and urinalysis measures and on the prevalence of illicit substance use among detained juveniles by age, gender, race/ethnicity, and type of substance. The most important finding was the general confirmation of high rates of drug use among youth entering detention. Among youth that have made the transition to using drugs more serious than marijuana, neither self-reporting nor urinalysis provides a good measure of use. The final section discusses the implications of these findings. It is concluded that presently there is no single reliable method for detecting substance use and abuse among juvenile detainees. The best approach to reliable assessment uses a combination of existing methods, together with information from a range of other sources that indicate a youth’s involvement with drugs. 9 endnotes, 4 tables, 80 references
  Main Term(s): Juvenile inmates ; Juvenile drug use
  Index Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors ; Drug use ; Drug testing ; Juvenile delinquents ; Juvenile offenders ; Drug statistics
  Sponsoring Agency: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
US Dept of Justice
United States of America

National Institute of Mental Health
United States of America
  Grant Number: 1999-JE-FX-1001;R01MH54197;R01MH59469
  Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse/NCJRS
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
  Type: Report (Study/Research)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

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