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NCJ Number: NCJ 205294   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Impact of Domestic Violence on the Employment of Women on Welfare
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): Martha Coulter
Date Published: 2003
Page Count: 69
  Annotation: This study examined the relationship between being a victim of domestic violence and employment patterns, with attention to the impact on employment patterns of mediating variables and the degree to which domestic violence influences this relationship.
Abstract: The study involved 411 women who were, at the time of the study, on welfare or had been at a previous time. The women were ages 18-66, and 34 percent were White, 58 percent African-American, and 7 percent other. The study consisted of 2 quantitative telephone interviews (411 at time 1 and 109 at time 2). Two in-person qualitative interviews were also conducted (44 at time 1 and 21 at time 2. The quantitative analysis of the information received used three regression models: a logistic regression that predicted domestic violence experiences with demographic measures; a series of linear regression models that used basic demographic measures and domestic violence indicators to predict scores on the mediating variables; and a logistic regression that predicted employment success from the demographics, domestic violence indicators, and mediating variables. The qualitative interviews were analyzed for content themes, recurrent ideas and patterns, and main points. The study found that the variables of social support, mental health, and parenting stress were negatively related to domestic violence in both the past year and prior to that time. Being African-American had a protective effect for women not currently in a relationship regarding the impact of the mediating variables. Employment success was more likely if the respondent was in good physical health and had good caseworker support, social support, employer support, physical health, and a provision of participant supports, including health and mental health care, caseworker support, social support, employer support, technical training, and housing support, as well as the identification of domestic violence experiences in both the past 12 months and before then. Recommendations are offered for future research. 13 tables and 23 references
Main Term(s): Female victims
Index Term(s): Welfare services ; Employment ; Domestic assault ; Domestic violence causes ; Domestic assault prevention
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 1998-WT-VX-0020
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: Dataset may be archived by the NIJ Data Resources Program at the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
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