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NCJ Number: NCJ 205792   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Violence Against Women: The Role of Welfare Reform, Final Report
  Document URL: PDF 
  Dataset URL: DATASET 1
Author(s): Sandra Naylor Goodwin Ph.D. ; Daniel Chandler Ph.D. ; Joan Meisel Ph.D.
Corporate Author: California Institute for Mental Health
United States of America
Date Published: 04/2003
Page Count: 107
  Annotation: This final project report presents a study that examined the prevalence and victim outcomes of domestic violence among welfare-to-work recipients in California.
Abstract: The current study researched three key issues: (1) the prevalence of domestic violence under welfare reform conditions in California and the implications for the provision of domestic violence assistance; (2) the effect of domestic violence in terms of welfare tenure and the capacity to gain employment over a 3-year period; and (3) the well-being of children of female welfare participants who live in violent households. Congress recognized the special standing of domestic violence in relation to welfare reform when it enacted the Family Violence Option, which permits States to grant domestic violence exemptions regarding welfare-to-work provisions under the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF). At least 38 States have enacted such exemptions. California was chosen as the site for the current study because it has allocated substantial funds to the identification and provision of services to TANF recipients who experience domestic violence. A comprehensive definition of domestic violence was adopted which incorporated the Conflict Tactics Scale. Participants were 643 randomly selected new TANF applicants and long-term applicants from 2 California counties. Participants were surveyed three times: baseline, 12 months, and 15 months, beginning in the summer of 1999. Results of descriptive statistics and multiple regression analysis revealed four important findings relevant to welfare reform. First, the findings indicated high rates of domestic violence among the welfare reform population. In approximately 15 percent of the cases, severe abuse was reported; over the 3-year study period, a total of 37 percent of the women reported serious domestic violence. Second, serious mental health problems and/or alcohol or other drug problem co-occurred with domestic violence in a large proportion of the welfare reform population. Third, domestic violence impairs a woman’s capacity to find employment; at the end of 1 year, 28 percent of women were working at least 26 hours a week if they did not experience domestic violence, while only 12 percent of the women who experienced domestic violence worked. Fourth, the presence of domestic violence is associated with deleterious outcomes for children. Policy implications focus on potential legislative changes and practice implications involve the development of a collaborative relationship between welfare agencies and domestic violence service agencies. Exhibits, endnotes
Main Term(s): Filial violence ; NIJ final report
Index Term(s): Welfare services ; Battered wives treatment ; NIJ grant-related documents ; California
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 98-WT-VX-0009
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: For the Summary Report, see NCJ-205791.
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