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NCJ Number: NCJ 207263     Find in a Library
Title: Social-Cognitive Mediators of the Link Between Social-Environmental Risk Factors and Aggression in Adolescence
  Document URL: PDF 
  Dataset URL: DATASET 1
Author(s): Catherine P. Bradshaw
Date Published: 10/2004
Page Count: 24
  Annotation: Two studies tested the hypothesis that exposure to certain social and environmental factors is linked to aggressive behavior, as these factors condition an individual's conceptions of self and others in the context of social interactions.
Abstract: The first study examined associations among an individual's knowledge base, information-processing patterns, and aggressive behavior. Data were obtained from 125 older adolescents (19.9 average years) regarding their concepts of self and others, their processing of information in the context of relationships, aggression, and personality. Although the popular wisdom is that negative self-concepts are related to aggression (Baumeister et al., 1996), this study found that negative views of others had a stronger association with overt aggression. These negative views of others were spawned by the processing of negative social information regarding the targets of aggression. The second study examined the influence on adolescent aggression of exposure to community violence and social rejection by parents and peers. Data were collected from 184 suburban adolescents (average age 14.97) and their homeroom teachers. The data pertained to youths' social relationships, general knowledge bases, the processing of social information, and aggressive and violent behavior. Analyses based on structural equation modeling found that exposure to community violence along with parental and peer social rejection were related to aggressive behavior through the partial mediation of negative views of those who were targets of their aggression. Social rejection was more closely associated with negative concepts of others, which is consistent with attachment theory's focus on the link between patterns of social interaction and internal perceptions of self and others. Exposure to community violence was more closely related to the processing of biased social information, which is consistent with social learning theory. Witnessing violence tends to teach the witness that aggression is appropriate. The author concludes with a discussion of the implications of these findings for youth-violence prevention and intervention. 3 figures and 66 references
Main Term(s): Violent juvenile offenders
Index Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors ; Adolescent attitudes ; Social conditions ; Self concept ; Aggression ; Peer influences on behavior ; Parent-Child Relations ; Antisocial attitudes ; Parental influence ; NIJ final report
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 2003-IJ-CX-1016
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: Dataset may be archived by the NIJ Data Resources Program at the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
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